Have you ever thought it was impossible to create your perfect team? Even if you are working alone, you are delivering something to someone, so really we can all say that we are working in a team. A team is any group of people who work together – together, independent or cooperatively to accomplish a project, purpose or a goal.
The most basic team is your department, the group you work with day to day to produce a product or a service that serves the company’s external customers directly or the internal customers that you support to produce a product that directly serves the customers.
Teams are created for various reasons; some are long term some shorter term for projects. Not all teams are revenue generating but all teams contribute to the profitability of the company.
Executive leadership teams, product development teams are long term planning and operations focused, Sales teams are focused on driving revenue, HR teams provide value by ensuring staff turnover is low, an Admin team adds value by supporting all areas of the business.
Setting out the value they bring will ensure your team is on track to be their best, they know their outcomes and how they fit into the circle of activity.
This is a much debated and researched topic. You need to consider a number of factors when determining the best team size.
Key areas to take into account are:
The general consensus on team size is five to seven members. Ongoing team size for effective functioning is four–nine members.
In most cases, large teams will form sub-teams or working groups to accomplish a set project. These larger groups are most effective when you need strategic planning input, overall project communication, building support for an idea etc.
There are three types of teams – functional, cross-functional and self-managing.
If you are looking to go deeper on this subject, this article by the Harvard Business Review will give you a more in-depth viewpoint.